Ex-president Gbagbo returns to Côte d’Ivoire after 10-year exile
A former president of Côte d’Ivoire, Laurent Gbagbo, has boarded a flight in Brussels to return home for the first time since he was ousted from power in 2011.
Mr Gbagbo was sent to The Hague for war crimes charges, of which he was later acquitted.
There was a heavy police presence around Ivory Coast’s commercial capital Abidjan to head off any violence, even as President Alassane Ouattara’s government and Mr Gbagbo’s supporters said they hoped his return could help reconcile the country.
In Abidjan’s Yopougon district, considered Mr Gbagbo’s political stronghold, hundreds took to the streets to demonstrate in support of his arrival. Police fired teargas in other neighbourhoods to disperse similar crowds.
One group chanted, “Gbagbo is coming. We will install him,” while others shouted, “Respect the power of Gbagbo,” from mini-vans heading towards the airport.
“It’s a great day for me to go and welcome Gbagbo,” said Liliane Kokora, who wore a t-shirt with Gbagbo’s face printed on it. “He is finally arriving in his country to give us hope.”
Mr Gbagbo, who came to office in 2000, was arrested after a brief civil war prompted by his refusal to concede defeat to Mr Ouattara in the 2010 election.
More than 3,000 people were killed in the conflict, which was fought largely along ethnic and regional lines.
He was acquitted in 2019 of war crimes and crimes against humanity charges by the International Criminal Court for his role in the violence.
At least 85 people died in the unrest surrounding the bitterly contested October 2020 presidential election, in which Mr Ouattara won a third term.
Mr Gbagbo’s return comes after protracted negotiations between his camp and the government, which delayed granting him a passport until after the 2020 election had passed.
After Mr Gbagbo announced the date of his return, the government initially complained that it had not been consulted but later said he would be welcomed back in the interest of national reconciliation.
Mr Gbagbo, 76, faces an outstanding 20-year prison sentence handed down in November 2019 on charges he misappropriated funds from the regional central bank.
At the airport in Brussels, a small group of Mr Gbango’s supporters from Paris waited to see him off. Some wore T-shirts bearing his effigy, including one with text reading “Gbagbo the Unavoidable.”
“Why would an individual seek to return to their country? Because it is his country. It is where he belongs,” said Habiba Toure, one of Gbagbo’s lawyers, before entering the terminal.
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