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Reckless population growth causing Nigeria’s poverty: Expert

Mr Ibrahim argued that population growth must match economic development for it to be regarded as a strength.

• November 18, 2021
Professor Jibrin Ibrahim

Uncontrolled population growth which is not commensurate with economic advancement has been identified as a cause of poverty in Nigeria.

Professor Jibrin Ibrahim, a senior fellow at the Centre for Democracy and Development, Abuja, during a lecture, debunked the claim that population was a nation’s strength.

The theme of the lecture was : “Population, Rights and Peace, Mitigating Insecurity and Gender-Based Violence to Harnessing Demographic Dividend.”

Mr Ibrahim argued that population growth must match economic development for it to be regarded as a strength.

He affirmed his assertion that Nigeria is currently characterized as the poverty capital of the world with 93.9 people now living below the poverty line.

“Seven million Nigerians fell into extreme poverty in 2020, Nigeria with its 200 million plus population was first to be declared world’s poverty capital in 2018,” he said.

Mr Ibrahim expressed concern on the reckless rate of population growth in the country, warning that Nigeria’s biggest problem is uncontrolled population growth.

“Every year, we add five million people to our population. This is roughly the size of Liberia or Montenegro.

“According to, in 1960, the population of UK was 52 million while that of Nigeria was 46 million by 2015 the UK was 62 million while Nigeria was 185 million and by 2070, Nigeria will be 550 million while the UK will be only 80 million.”

Ulla Muller, the Country Representative, UN Population Fund (UNFPA), reemphasised the need for promotion of family planning to mitigate physical and food insecurity.

Ms Muller said that the Total Fertility Rate in the country is high with low Contraceptives Prevalence Rate (CPR).

According to her, to achieve demographic dividend, we must increase economic growth and eliminate Gender Based Violence.

Senator Olubumi Adetunbi, Chairman, Senate Committee on National Planning and Economic Affairs, regretted why Nigeria had missed the 10 years period of census.

Mr Adetunbi, however, called for the conduct of a reliable and credible census that would include the religious data of the citizens to reduce controversies. 


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