Child labour rises to 160m worldwide: Report
The number of children in child labour has risen to 160 million worldwide, according to a new report by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and UNICEF.
The report titled “Child Labour: Global estimates 2020, Trends and the Road Forward” was released on Thursday, on the sidelines of the virtual ongoing 109th Session of the International Labour Conference (ILC) in Geneva, Switzerland.
The report was released ahead of World Day Against Child Labour to be marked on June 12.
The ILO Director-General, Guy Ryder said that the new estimate was “a wake-up call.”
“We cannot stand by while a new generation of children is put at risk,” he said.
Mr Ryder, however, said that inclusive social protection allows families to keep their children in school even in the face of economic hardship.
He said that increased investment in rural development and decent work in agriculture was essential.
“We are at a pivotal moment and much depends on how we respond.
“This is a time for renewed commitment and energy to turn the corner and break the cycle of poverty and child labour,” Mr Ryder said.
Also, UNICEF’s Executive Director, Henrietta Fore, said that the world was not doing well in the fight against child labour globally.
“We are losing ground in the fight against child labour and the last year has not made that fight any easier.
“Now, well into the second year of global lockdowns, school closures, economic disruptions and shrinking national budgets, families are forced to make heart-breaking choices.
“We urge governments and international development banks to prioritise investments in programmes that can get children out of the workforce and back into school,” she said.
Ms Fore also called for social protection programmes that would help families avoid making such a choice in the first place.
The report said this was the first increase in two decades and warned that nine million additional children were at risk as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic.
It stated that to reverse the upward trend in child labour, the ILO and UNICEF had called for adequate social protection for all including universal child benefits.
The ILO and UNICEF also called for increased spending on free and good-quality schooling and getting all children back into school including children who were out of school before Covid-19.
“Promotion of decent work for adults, so families don’t have to resort to children helping to generate family income.
“An end to harmful gender norms and discrimination that influence child labour.
“Investment in child protection systems, agricultural development, rural public services, infrastructure and livelihoods,” they said.
The report is the first-ever joint ILO-UNICEF report on child labour estimates and forms part of a broader inter-agency effort to measure and monitor progress towards target 8.7 of the Sustainable Development Goals.
During a week of action from June 10–17, Mr Ryder and Ms Fore will join other high-level speakers and youth advocates during the ILC to discuss the release of the new global estimates and the roadmap ahead.
Meanwhile, on May 19, The Gazette published a special report on how Nigerian boys of school age toil for survival inside the Oko Baba sawmill in Lagos.
Hundreds of children roam the sawmill in search of chores for livelihood. Some work for their parents after school while others do no go to school at all.
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